Power Generation Using Speed Breakers Seminar Report PDF | 2018

Electricity Generation from Spead Breakers

Power Generation Using Speed Breakers Seminar Report PDF
These seminar reports explain the mechanism of electricity generation from speed breakers. Speed breakers could actually light up small villages off the highway. The number of vehicles passing over speed breaker on road is increasing day by day. Beneath speed breaker, setting up an electro-mechanical unit known to be power hump, could help us conserving this energy and use it for power generation. The rotor (rotating shaft) is directly connected to the prime mover and rotates as the prime mover turns. The rotor contains a magnet that, when turned, produces a moving or rotating magnetic field. The rotor is surrounded by a stationary casing called the stator, which contains the wound copper coils or windings. When the moving magnetic field passes by these windings, electricity is produced in them. By controlling the speed at which the rotor is turned, a steady flow of electricity is produced in the windings. These windings are connected to the electricity network via transmission lines. A vehicle weighing 1,000 kg going up a height of 10 cm on such a rumble strip produces approximately 0.98 kilowatt power. So one such speed-breaker on a busy highway, where about 100 vehicles pass every minute, about one kilo watt of electricity can be produced every single minute. The figure will be huge at the end of the day. A storage module like an inverter will have to be fitted to each such rumble strip to store this electricity. The cost of electricity generation and storage per mega watt from speed-breakers will be nearly Rs 1 crore as opposed to about Rs 8 crore in thermal or hydro power stations. The functioning will be as follows: 
  1. The speed breaker on a busy road will be lifted to some height from one side and fixed to the road from other side.
  2. Then there will be a shock absorber kind of mechanism beneath the speedbreaker. The arrangement will be as in a cam and shaft arrangement.
  3. The shaft of the generator placed below will be attached to the cam and the rod connected to the speed breaker vertically will be on cam. This arrangement will make one rotation of generator shaft as soon as a vehicle moves over speed breaker.
  4. The rotations can also be increased using certain mechanisms, like gears and all. 
  5. Then there will be a circuit storing the electricity generated during day time and the power generated will be used during night.
According to concept, it is known as a "reciprocating bump". The speed breaker designed is supported on springs. When a vehicle mounts the speed breaker, the load on the springs causes movement which is converted to a rotary motion by using a rack and pinion mechanism. The energy is generated and can be stored in batteries. 
Here we have given the links which will help you to make best seminar report on Power Generation Using Speed Breakers. You can follow these documents in pdf to learn in detail and get a good idea about the process of Electricity Generation from Speed Breakers.