Smart Materials in Civil Engineering | Seminar Report

Seminar Report on Smart Materials and Their Applications in Civil Engineering

With the advent of advanced technology, smart materials are used in various civil engineering applications and across a wide range of other sectors including agriculture, aerospace, marine, food and packaging, healthcare, sport and leisure, energy and environment, space, and defense using embedded fiber optic sensors. Smart materials technology is a relatively new can indeed create high value-added opportunities and has a strong innovative content if well supported. 
Smart Materials in Civil Engineering Seminar Report
Smart materials under different temperatures exhibit unique characteristics of shape and superelasticity, which suit in varied applications in civil engineering infrastructures. Smart materials are capable of sensing their environment and can respond accordingly. The scope of this seminar report is limited to the brief overview of the technology, material requirements, classification of smart materials, smart structures and their applications. The insights gained by gathering data on smart materials have found a large number of applications in civil engineering practice. 
Smart materials have one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled fashion by external stimuli, such as stress, temperature, moisture, pH, electric or magnetic fields
The seminar report discusses the following topics:
  • Characteristics of Smart Materials
  • Need for Smart Materials in Civil Engineering
  • Classification of Smart Materials
    • Sensors and Actuators 
    • Piezoelectric Materials 
    • Electrostrictive and Magnetostrictive Material
    • Rheological Materials 
    • Shape Memory Alloys 
    • Electrochromic Materials 
    • Smart Gels 
    • Mechatronics
    • Ken Materials
    • Materials with Added Functions 
  • Applications of Smart Materials 
    • Conventional engineering structures operate at their limited performance compared to smart materials, which have an increasing range of applications in the following fields. In the construction of smart buildings, for environmental control, security and structural health monitoring, cable-stayed bridges and reduce the effects of earthquakes. 
  • Composite Smart Material
  • Smart Structural Systems 
  • Smart Structures in Civil Engineering Applications 
    • Smart Concrete 
    • Smart Buildings
    • Smart Bridges
  • General Requirements and Technologies Prospects 
  • The Future Scope of Smart Materials
Smart materials are not only useful but also cost-effective as compared to conventional materials for both new and existing constructions. The smart structure techniques in conjunction with the use of smart materials revolutionize in monitoring the safety and serviceability of engineering structure, structural health monitoring of vital civil engineering structures.